All of these are books in my personal library of political cartoons, Thomas Nast or immigration history, abolition and reconstruction, and are recommended reading. I will refer to these via MLA style.

Adler, John and Hill, Draper, Doomed by Cartoon. Morgan James Publishing. 2008

Adler, John (Publisher, HarpWeek online database). Personal interviews via telephone. 2013

Anbinder, Tyler. Five Points; The 19th-Century New York City Neighborhood That Invented Tap Dance, Stole Elections, and Became the World’s Most Notorious Slum. The Free Press, New York. 2001. Print.

Benjamin, Walter. The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproductions.

Carwardine, Richard “Methodists, Politics, and the Coming of the American Civil War,” Church History, September 2000, Vol. 69 Issue 3, 578-609 in JSTOR.

Casey, Marion R. and Lee, J.J. Making the Irish American. New York: New York University Press, 2006.  Print.

Choy, Phillip P., Dong, Lorraine and Hom, Marlon K. Coming Man: 19th Century American Perceptions of the Chinese. University of Washington Press, Seattle.1994.

Curtis, Liz. Nothing But The Same Old Story: The Roots of Anti-Irish Racism. London: Information on Ireland, 1985. Print.

Dewey, Donald. The Art of Ill Will: The Story of American Political Cartoons. New York University Press.  2007.Print

Diner, Hasia. The Most Irish City in the Union: The Era of the Great Migration, 1844-1977.” The New York Irish. 1996. Ed. Baylor, R. and Meagher, T. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press 87-106

Family Search. International genealogy database.

Fan, Diana. Yick Wo: How A Racist Laundry Law In Early San Francisco Helped Civil Rights. Website. August 31, 2015.

Fischer, Roger A. Them Damned Pictures; Explorations in American Political Art. Archon Books, North Haven,  CT. 1996

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution 1863-1877. First Perennial Classics, New York, 1988.

Gruez, Kristen Silva. America. Keywords for American Cultural Studies. Kindle.

Gyory Andrew. Closing the Gate: Race, Politics, and the Chinese Exclusion Act, Chapel Hill:University of North Carolina Press, 1998

Halloran, Fiona Deans. Thomas Nast: The Father of Modern Political Cartoons. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 2012

Hess, Stephen and Northrop, Sandy. Drawn & Quartered: The History of American Political Cartoons. Elliot& Clark, Montgomery, Alabama, 1996.

Hess, Stephen and Kaplan, Milton.The Ungentlemanly Art: A History of American Political Cartoons. MacMillian Publishing,1975.

Higham, John. Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick. 2008.

Hodges, Graham. Desirable Companions and Lovers: Irish and African Americans in the Sixth Ward, 1830-1870,” The New York Irish. 1996. Ed. Baylor, R. and Meagher, T. Baltimore:Johns Hopkins Press.  106-124

Hueston, Robert Francis. The Catholic Press and Nativism. New York: Arno Press, 1976. Print

Ignatiev, Noel. How the Irish Became White. New York: Routledge, 1995.Print.

Jaman, Baird. The Graphic Art of Thomas Nast: Politics and Propriety in Post Bellum Publishing. American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography. Vol. 20, No. 2, 2010. Pp. 156-189 (Article).  Ohio State University Press.

Johnson, Patricia, Ed. Seeing High & Low. Representing Social Conflict in American Visual Culture. University of California Press, Berkeley. 2006.

Justice, Benjamin. Thomas Nast and the Public School of the 1870s. History of Education Quarterly, Vol. 45. No. 2 (Summer, 2005). Pp. 171-206. Accessed through UD/JSTOR:

Keller, Morton. The Art and Politics of Thomas Nast. Oxford University Press, London. 1968.

Kennedy, Robert C. Historian for online database

Kinealy, Christine. This Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845-52. Dublin: Gill & MacMilllan. 1994. Print.

Knobel, Dale T. Paddy and the Republic: Ethnicity and Nationality in Antebellum America. Wesleyan University Press, Middletown. CT.1986.

Leonard, Thomas C. The Power of the Press: The Birth of Political Reporting.  New York: Oxford University Press,  USA. 1986.

Lynam, Standford M. The “Yellow Peril” Mystique: Origins and Vicissitudes of a Racial Discourse. International Journal of Politics,Culture and Society. Vol. 13, No. 4, 2000.

McNeur, Catherine. The “Swinish Multitude”: Controversies over Hogs in Antebellum New York City. Journal of Urban History.  Vol. 37, 2011

Meagher, Timothy. Columbia Guide to Irish America. Columbia University Press, New York. 2005. Print

Meager, Timothy & Bayor, Ronald, ed., The New York Irish, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 1996. Print

Metrick-Chen, Lenore. Collecting Objects/Excluding People: Chinese Subjects and American Visual Culture, 1830-1900. State University of New York Press, Albany.  2012.

Miller, Kerby A., et al. Irish Immigrants in the Land of Canaan: Letters  and Memoirs from Colonial and Revolutionary America, 1675-1815. Oxford: Oxford University Press.2003. Print.

Miller, Kerby A. Exiles and Emigrants:Ireland and the Irish Exodus to North America.Oxford University Press. New York.1985.

Miller, Stuart Creighton. The Unwelcome Immigrant; The American Image of the Chinese 1785-1882. University of California Press, Berkely. 1969. Print.

Moran, Gerard. Sending Out Ireland’s Poor. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2004. Print.

Mott, Frank Luther. A History of American Magazines: 1865-1885. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 1938.

Moy, James S. Marginal Sights: Staging the Chinese in America. Studies in Theater History and Culture. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City.

Nadel, Stanley. Little Germany: Ethnicity, Religion and Class in New York City, 1845-80. University of Illinois Press, 1990.(quoted by Timothy Meagher).

Olmstead, Roger. The Cigar-Box Papers: A Local View of the Centennial Election Scandals. California Historical Quarterly. Vol. 55, No. 3. 1976, pp. 256-269.

Paddison, Joshua. Anti-Catholicism and Race in Post-Civil War San Francisco. Pacific Historical Review. Vol. 78, No. 4. 2009, pp.505-544.

Paine, Albert Bigelow. Th.Nast: His Period and His Pictures. The Pyne Press, Princeton. Facsimile of 1904.

Pfaelzer, Jean. Driven Out: The Forgotten War Against Chinese Americans. Random House, New York. 2007. Print.

Takaki, Ronald. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans. Back  Bay Books. New York. 1989, 1998.

Tchen, John Kuo Wei. New York before Chinatown: Orientalism and the Shaping of American Culture 1776-1882. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 1999.

Tchen, John Juo Wei, Yeats, Dylan, Eds. Yellow Peril!: An Archive of Anti-Asian Fear. Verso, London, 2014.

Schlebecker, John T. “Grasshoppers in American Agricultural History.” Agricultural History Society. 27.3. (1953):  85-93

Simon, Janice. Introduction: American Periodicals and Visual Culture. American Periodicals: A Journal of History, Criticism, and Bibliography. Vol. 20, No. 2, 2010. 117-119 (Article). Ohio State University Press.

Singh, Nikhil Pal. Liberalism. Keywords for American Culture Studies. Ed. Burgett, Bruce and Hendler, Glenn. 2007. Kindle edition

Spence, Jonathan D. The Search for Modern China. WW. Norton & Company. New York, 1999.

Storti, Craig. Incident at Bitter Creek: The Story of the Rock Springs Chinese Massacre.  Iowa State Press. Ames. Iowa. 1991.

West, Richard Samuel. The San Francisco Wasp: An Illustrated History. Periodyssey Press, East Hampton, Ma. 2004.

West, Richard Samuel. Email correspondence with the author, 2011.*-

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Thomas Nast's cartoons of Chinese Americans

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